Delhi


Travel to Delhi Delhi is the capital of India and it is a tourist city with historical monuments. It is situated on the banks of Yamuna. Delhi is a shopping paradise for souvenirs, handicrafts, textiles and jewellery. The construction of Delhi completed in 1734 in the aegis of Maharaja Jai Singh II. New Delhi overlays the site of seven ancient cities, that is why there are many historic monuments. The city center of New Delhi was planned by Edwin Lutyens, a leading 20th century British architect. It was completed by 1931. The city dubbed “Lutyens Delhi” later.

Delhi is a spacious, open city that houses many government buildings and embassies, apart from places of historical interest. The important attractions in New Delhi include the Rashtrapati Bhawan, the India Gate, the Laxminarayan Temple, the Swaminarayan Akshardham temple, the Humayun’s Tomb, the Purana Quila, the Tughlaqabad fort, the Qutab Minar, The Red Fort, Jama Masjid and Lotus Temple attracts an average of 4 million visitors annually.

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Delhi, (New Delhi) is a sprawling metropolis with a fascinating blend of the past and the present. It has some of the finest ancient monuments, museums, shopping arcades, gardens, hotels and restaurants and much more. Its multilayered existence is fascinating and can entice the curious traveler into a delightful journey of discovery. The temperature varies from 40 degrees Celsius in summers to around 4 degrees Celsius in winters.

Culture of Delhi : Delhi is a cosmopolitan city with multi-ethnic and multi-cultural presence of the vast Indian populace. National events such as Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti (Gandhi’s birthday) are celebrated with great enthusiasm in Delhi and the rest of India.

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SIGHTSEEING IN DELHI : 
Delhi is one of the most historic capitals in the world. It has many tourist sites inclusive of important historical monuments of around 400 years old. The tourists sights ofDelhiconsists attractions like mosques, forts and monuments etc.Delhicity has 5000 years old amazing history from the time immortal. We have summarized some important sight seeing places for your reference.

Humayun’s Tomb: Humayun, the second emperor of the Mughal Empire succeeded his father Babur was his eldest son. He could ruleIndia for a decade but was defeated by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri. Later in 1555 AD, he won backDelhi with the help of Shah of Persia but died untimely after felling from the stairs of Sher Mandal library in oldfortDelhi. Humayun’s widow, Hamida Banu Begum supervised the construction of memorial tomb for her late husband named after him Humayun’s Tomb. The mausoleum was built from 1562-1572 AD. It was the first garden tomb made inIndia that inspired the construction and architecture of world famous Taj Mahal. The structure is built primarily with red sandstones, white and black marbles. This significant monument is protected by the Archaeological Survey of India and named in the list of UNESCO India World Heritage sites.

Red Fort or Lal Qila was constructed by Shah Jahan the Mughal Emperor after he transferred his capital fromAgra to his newly planned city ofShahjahanabad (Delhi) in 1638. Its construction started in 1639 and completed in 1648. It is an important landmarkmonument ofIndia today. On the occasion of Independence Day that is celebrated annually on 15th August, The Prime Minister of India hoists The National Flag and addresses the nation from the ramparts of this remarkable massive monument. It is built of red sandstone. TheYamunaRiver used to flow on the eastern side of the fort initially filling the moat that runs outside the ramparts. The moat worked as considerable obstacle for enemy. However, the moat today remains empty as the river has moved, over 1 km to the east. At present the fort contains halls of public and private audience, domed and arched marble palaces, plush private apartments, Royal Baths or hammams, Shahi Burj, Pearl Mosque, Rang Mahal or the “Palace ofColors” and elaborately designed gardens. You may also enjoy sound & light Show every evening except Mondays on the ramparts of the Red Fort to know a bit of history in an interesting way.

Jama Masjid: It is the principal mosque ofDelhi that is located in Old Delhi. It lies opposite the Red Fort and is surrounded by a large number of shops. It was constructed by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The construction of this huge mosque completed in 1656 that took 6 years. It is one of the largest and best known mosques inIndia. It is situated on a high platform, built in red sandstone with extensive use of white marble. The pulpit of the mosque has been beautifully carved out of a single block of marble. It has three gateways, four soaring towers and two minarets. The 130-ft high slender minarets of the mosque grace its impressive facade. There are wide staircases and arched gateways that greet the visitors. Its huge courtyard can hold up to 25,000 worshippers at a time. You may see the relics of the Prophet Mohammed and the Holy Quran inscribed here. However, the greatest treasure of the Jama Masjid is the hair of the beard of Hazrat Mohammed, kept in the northeast corner of the white shrine. It also preserves his used slippers, a chapter of Koran taken from the original holy book, the canopy of his tombstone and the foot print of Muhammad on the stone.

Fatehpuri Masjid: It is a cherry brickwork 17th-century mosque located at the western end of the oldest street ofDelhi, Chandni Chowk. It is topped off by an arena and is flanked by tall minarets. It was built by one of Shah Jahan’s wives Fatehpuri Begum in 1650. The mosque has a traditional design with the prayer hall having seven-arched openings. It also has single and double-storied apartments on the sides. The British had auctioned this mosque after 1857 war to Rai Lala Chunnamal, whose descendants still live in the Chunnamal haveli in Chandni Chowk, who preserved the mosque. Later in 1877 it was acquired by the government in exchange for four villages and was restored to the Muslims at the Delhi Durbar when the British allowed the Muslims back in Old Delhi. A similar mosque built by the Akbarabadi Begum was destroyed by the British. Khari Baoli, the largest spice market inAsia gradually developed after the construction of this mosque. Muslim festivals Id-ul-Fitr and Id-ul-Zuha are celebrated with great enthusiasm at the mosque.

Lotus Temple or Bahai temple: It is one of the most incredible architectures of Bahai faith that is located inDelhi. It is a temple, constructed to resemble a lotus flower. It is a newly built architecture constructed in 1986 by the Persian architect Fariborz Sahba fromCanada. This temple holds prayer sessions four times in a day and the visitors of all religions can join them. The Bahá’í House of Worship is popularly known as the Lotus Temple due to its lotus bud like shape with 27 petals. It has become a prominent tourist attraction inDelhi over the period of time because of its eye catching architecture. There are nine doors in the temple that open onto a central hall, capable of holding up to 2,500 people at a time. It is open on all days except Mondays. You may visit the temple from 9:00 AM to 7:00 PM in summer and from 9:30 AM to 5:30 PM in winters.

President’s House (Rashtrapati Bhawan): It grand building was originally constructed for the British Governor General ofIndia in Raj era that was inaugurated in 1931. It was named Viceregal Lodge that was changed in 1959 afterIndia’s independence from the British rule. At present president ofIndia, the highest constitutional authority lives in this magnificent building.

India Gate: It is situated along the ceremonial Rajpath Avenue (King’s Way) in the heart of the city. This landmark memorial was raised in the honor of the Indian soldiers who died during Afghan wars and World War I. The names of the martyred soldiers are inscribed on the walls. The cenotaph in the middle is constructed with black marble and depicts a rifle placed on its barrel, crested by a soldier’s helmet. Each face of the cenotaph has inscribed in gold words Amar Jawan (Immortal Warrior). It is the happening place in the city popular among locals and tourists alike. Republic day celebration, gala event is organized annually on 15 August to showIndia’s growth as an independent sovereign nation.

Akshardham Temple: This recently built 6 years old magnificent temple is the largest Hindu temple in the world that was constructed in 2005 on the sprawling 100-acre land. It is an intricately decorated monument that offers high-technology exhibitions, IMAX theatre, musical fountain, food court and gardens.

Bangla Sahib Gurdwara: It is located in the heart of the city that is the most visited one.  Millions of pilgrims visit here annually from all over the world. It is a historical religious place Sikhs that is highly revered among peoples of all faiths.

Qutub Minar: It was built by the first Mughal emperor Qutb-ud-din Aibak to mark his victory against Hindu kings and establishing the Mughal Empire inIndia in 1206. It is a 72.5 meters fluted red sandstone tower that is inscribed with intricate carvings and verses from the Quran. The construction of this victory tower started as a sign of Muslim domination ofDelhi. Qutub-ud-din Aibak died after the construction of first storey, rest of the stories were built by his successor Iltutmish. The two circular stories in white marble were built by Ferozshah Tughlaq in 1368, replacing the original fourth story. Qutub Minar is the first monument built by a Muslim ruler in India.

Chandni Chowk: It is the main marketplace in Delhi. It was built by Shah Jahan the builder of Taj Mahal. Legend has it that Shah Jahan planned Chandni Chowk so that his daughter could shop for that entire she wanted. The market was divided by canals. The canals are now closed, but Chandni Chowk remainsAsia’s largest wholesale market. It is located in old Delhi with Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Fatehpuri Mosque and historical Sisganj Gurudwara in the vicinity, makes it a favorite tourist attraction where you can enjoy cycle rickshaw ride or walk tour to explore its old age charm.

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